Inflammatory responses are critical to control bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms that can adversely affect one's health. This response is necessary to our survival. It is well known that long term, low grade inflammation has a negative effect on our health and is a component of many diseases. Chronic inflammation is preventable, and can be addressed by natural methods. The first step is to identify the cause of inflammation, then remove the cause of inflammation, and finally take the appropriate steps towards healing (e.g. turmeric).
In order to understand the anti-inflammatory affect of nutrition, herbs, and essential oils within the body, I've read through several research papers. The testing and measuring of anti-inflammatory effects of a given substance (e.g. turmeric) it is often tested on a live subject/participant to which inflammation has been induced. This is done by using a variety of substances such as carrageenan which is commonly used to induce inflammation (Elango et. al).
Carrageenan is extracted from red seaweed and is a common food additive used for its gel and thickening properties. Carrageenan is found in coffee creamers, almond milk, ice cream, yogurt, cottage cheese, and in many other process foods. Carrageenan is used in pet food.
What I find intriguing is that carrageenan is used to induce inflammation in live subjects, and yet some studies that show carrageenan does not cause inflammation (Mckim et. al). Then there are studies that show carrageenan causes inflammation (Kirchhoff et. al). I cannot help but think that long term regular use of carrageenan can have harmful effects.
Avoid and reduce inflammation, by refraining from substances that contribute to and/or cause inflammation. When shopping for food, read the labels on the products. You may find items listed on these labels that you are not familiar with. Take the time learn how these items can affect you and your family's health. This can easily be done by going to Google Scholar to conduct your own research on the effects of additives. One of the ways to avoid carrageenan is to reduce the amount of processed food from your diet.
Bhattacharya, S., Shumard, T., Xie, H., Amar, D., varady, K.A., Feferman, L., Halline, A.G., Goldstein, J.L., Hanauer, S.B., and Tobacman, J. (2017). A randomized trial of the effects of the no-carrageenan diet on ulcerative colitis disease activity. Nutrition and Healthy Aging, 4(2), 118-192. Retrieved from DOI: 10.3233/NHA-170023
Elango, V. and Rjamahendran, G. (2016). Anti-Inflammatory activity of Arumuga chendooram on carrageenan induced inflammatory rats. Asian Journal of Innovative Research, 1(2), 28-32. Retrieved from http://www.asianjir.com/images/issues/Rajamahendran.pdf
Jeengar, M.K., Shrivastava, S., Veeravalli, C.M., Naidu, V.G.M., and Sistla, R. (2016). Amelioration of FCA Induced arthritis on topical application of cur cumin in combination with emu oil. Nutrition, 32(9), 955-964. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2016.02.009.
Kirchhoff, C., Jung, S., Reeh, P.W., and Handwerker, H.O. (1990). Carrageenan inflammation increases bradykinin sensitivity of rat cutaneous nociceptors. Neuroscience Letters, 111(1-2), 2006-210. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3940(90)90369-K.
McKim, J.M., Baas, H., Rice, Gabriel P.R., Willoughby, J.A., Weiner, M.L., and Blakemore, W. (2016). Effects of carrageenan on cell permeability, cytotoxicity, and cytokine gene expression in human intestinal and hepatic cell lines. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 96, 1-10. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2016.07.006
Tabas, I and Glass, C.K. (2013). Anti-Inflammatory therapy in chronic disease: challenges and opportunities. Science, 339(6116), 166-172. Retrieved from DOI: 10.1126/science.1230720
Wu, W., Wang, F., Gao, X., Niu, T, Zhu, X., Yan, X., and Chen, H. (2015). Synergistic effect of carrageenan on oxazolone-induced inflammation oil BALB/c mice. BMC Gastroenterology BMC series - open, inclusive and trusted, (2016). Retrieved from DOI: 10.1186/s12876-016-0459-7
I am a complementary and alternative health care practitioner, a certified Iridologist through the International Iridology Practitioner's Association (IIPA), an aromatherapist, and an herbalist. I received my training through the American College of Healthcare Sciences, University of New Mexico Continuing Education, the Southern Institute of Natural Health, Grand Medicine, International Institute of Iridology, and Tree of Light.